Painting Wood - A Ready Reckoner

Painting wooden surfaces is very different from painting a wall because wood act like a sponge and absorbs paint. This is the reason why wood needs more surface preparation work. Make sure the paint crew follows the steps listed below to give you perfect results. 

The complete process is described in detail below to help you along the way.

Pre-Prep Work

Identify the area that needs to be painted or polished, wooden surfaces that have been stained or damaged. Start with covering the work area to avoid any splatters on walls and floors. Make sure the area is clean and dry before beginning paint work and ensure good ventilation and natural light.

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Cover up surfaces to protect from paint splashes

Surface Readiness

For any paint job to look great in the end, it is imperative to prepare the surface properly. Surface readiness of wood depends on whether the wood is unfinished, painted or varnished. Always make sure that your crew has all the necessary tools handy like a sand paper, cloth, water, a sanding block and stiff brushes to get started.

First coat of Primer

The primer coat is a crucial part of the paint job. Make sure that your painters have primed the surface with at least one coat to give the final look a smooth finish. Primer also helps in making the surface less absorbent making the paint spread easily. It also provides a uniform texture and better adhesion to top coats. Apply the first coat and wait until it’s dry.

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Raw Or Unfinished Wood

In this case, begin with sanding the surface with medium-grain sandpaper. The sanding process helps in proper adhesion of the paint to the wood and removes any imperfections from the surface.

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Clean the unfinished wood surface with slightly damp cloth to remove the grit and the sawdust. Apply a suitable wood filler to fill all any holes or cracks.Article Image 

Stained Or Painted Wood

If the wood is already painted or coated, the first step involves cleaning the surface with soap and water and rinsing to remove any impurities.

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Sand the surface gently to remove any loose paint chips. Always sand in the direction of the grain. Wipe the surface after sanding.

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Use wood filler to fill all the holes. Once the filler is dry, scrape away excess lumps by sanding along the grain pattern. Clean the surface again with a soft cloth.

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If the wood is Varnished

Varnished surfaces need more sanding than the regular unfinished or painted wood.

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Prepare by washing and rinsing like the painted wood

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Roughly sand the surface to remove the gloss so that the primer can adhere to the surface firmly. Wipe the area after sanding.

Use wood filler to fill all the holes and cracks

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Second Primer Coat

For the paint to stick properly to the surface, another coat of primer is a must. It also provides a smooth and long lasting finish. 2 coats of primer are necessary depending upon the type and color of the wood. Give at least 6 to 8 hours to dry after each coat.

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Final Touch

Wood finishes can be divided into 2 categories:

Opaque Finish

Use the traditional enamels for opaque finish. Ask the crew to brush paint the enamel on to the primed surface. You can give two coats of paint depending upon the finish you need.

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Clear finishes

For the clear finish, you can use variety of paints like lacquer, wood glow etc. Apply with brush after primer has dried completely. You can choose to go for two coats depending upon the finish required.

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With this ready reckoner you are equipped to deal with a paint crew or attempt a fun weekend DIY painting project if you like. Paint away!


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